As simple as the hemp plant may seem, what’s inside is quite complex. The flower that hemp plants produce contains nearly 400 different cannabinoids, including CBD and a variety of phytonutrients.
Not surprisingly, each one of these cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids has its own unique benefits. While beneficial, this complexity can be confusing to new or first-time CBD consumers as they come across full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate blends… oh, my!
That’s why here, we’re simplifying all the differences you need to know about broad spectrum CBD oil vs full spectrum, and answering the question: what is the difference between CBD isolate and CBD full spectrum? too.
Keep reading for your ultimate guide and to find out which one you might prefer the best.
More on hemp extracts, first.
To get a basic background on how full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate extracts came to be, let’s understand the extraction process better first. Like we mentioned, hemp plants contain nearly 400+ different compounds, including cannabinoids like CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, and CBN.
They also contain a variety of natural plant compounds and phytonutrients like terpenes, flavonoids, and vitamins, which are responsible for their wellness effects, too.
So, how do they become the products we know today as CBD oil, tinctures, capsules, and beyond? These essential compounds, and oils, are extracted from the plant matter with a variety of different extraction processes.
Due to the delicacy of these plant compounds, the type of process can alter the end-result. It can also be manipulated to extract specific compounds, or isolate and remove others. To learn more about extraction processes, read our ultimate guide here.
But for this topic, it’s just important to know how or what can be extracted from the hemp plant to grasp the concept of full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate CBD.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil vs Full Spectrum vs Isolate CBD
Now that you know about the spectrum of compounds found in hemp plants, you may have a better idea of what each extract type means. Of course, in case you don't, let’s breakdown the biggest differences between each.
Full-spectrum CBD blends contain just that. The full or entire spectrum of hemp compounds without any manipulation, removal, or isolation. That means, you’re treated to the entirety of the wellness effects the hemp plant was intended to produce.
In fact, when consuming full-spectrum solventless rosins, you’re quite literally consuming the entire essence of plant oils and content without any other additives or solvents.
It doesn’t get more au-natural than full-spectrum CBD, which is also behind another term you may have heard associated with CBD extracts. That being, the entourage effect. The entourage effect describes the synergistic fashion of plant compounds and cannabinoids.
The terminology was coined in 1998 by professors and cannabis researchers Raphael Mechoulam and Shimon Ben-Shabat, who discovered that cannabis and hemp compounds amplified and influenced one another.
All in all, this means that with full-spectrum CBD, consumers can experience more profound benefits from the entourage effect.
So, then... what does broad-spectrum CBD refer to? As the CBD trend took off, more and more consumers wanted to try the hemp plant’s natural benefits but were fearful of the presence of THC.
Hence, the emergence of broad-spectrum CBD goods specially extracted to remove and isolate any trace of the psychoactive cannabinoid. That means, broad-spectrum CBD products contain the entire spectrum of hemp compounds, just without any levels of THC.
Because THC has a plethora of its own medicinal effects (even at levels of .3% or less as allowed in full-spectrum goods), you won’t experience as profound effects from broad spectrum CBD oil as compared to full-spectrum.
The biggest difference between all the extract types, is full spectrum vs isolate CBD. While full-spectrum CBD products contain all hemp compounds, isolate goods contain CBD and CBD only.
That means the effects you experience will be limited to those that CBD can produce. While CBD is chock-full of its own individual effects, you won’t get the benefit of other cannabinoids for the ‘entourage effect’.
Because processors remove all essential oils, plant waxes, and compounds like chlorophyll, isolate CBD goods are often tasteless, and scentless, unless artificially flavored. While broad-spectrum and full-spectrum blends will almost always have a natural hemp flavor, from the way in which they’re extracted.
How to Achieve Full Spectrum Effects
As you can see, due to the entourage effect and the plethora of benefits that full-spectrum CBD effects can produce, they’re easily the most highly sought after by consumers. So, what are the best ways to achieve full-spectrum benefits?
Shopping full-spectrum CBD edibles, and full-spectrum CBD oils and tinctures is one method. But of course, full-spectrum CBD effects don’t just come from extracts or manufactured goods. They can come from traditional hemp flower too. Consuming hemp flower or pre-rolls is the second method to achieve full-spectrum effects the good ol’ fashioned way.
Each time you light up, and apply heat to raw flower you’re activating each individual cannabinoid, terpene, and flavonoid. By inhaling the smoke, you’ll achieve the same type of effects as consuming full-spectrum CBD oil.
Why Plant Quality Matters
What this also means is that the quality of the flower is highly important to the quality of the end-product of its extract. How crops are cultivated, fed, nurtured, and harvested will all affect the potency and purity of the CBD extract you consume.
That’s why choosing a full spectrum CBD blend straight from the farm that’s cultivating the hemp is trending as the most organic, or "farm-to-table" method of harnessing natural wellness benefits. When plants are grown in premium soil with organic practices and handled with care from seed to sale, you'll often experience enhanced full-spectrum CBD benefits, often from higher cannabinoid, terpene, and flavonoid levels.
Experience the midwest-grown, intentionally crafted, full-spectrum CBD effect difference for yourself. Shop the Canna Haus Farms collection of full spectrum CBD blends cultivated, harvested, and extracted by our team of local farmers in Mayville, Wisconsin.
Support small, and gain big wellness benefits with Canna Haus' full-spectrum CBD goods now.